top of page

Special Events

When special events are scheduled they will be displayed below

Our Own Topics

Topic Descriptions for next meeting.

​Please Note:

This Topic is the Fifth in the Series of the 8 of Our Own Developed Topics

The Case for a Decentralized Worldwide Internet

January 28, 2020


What does Decentralized Worldwide Internet mean.

We also will learn about.

Definition of Decentralized Worldwide Internet.


There is less censorship than a Centralized Internet. In a Centralized Internet It is becoming increasingly common that governments shut down their citizens’ access to social media, as they attempt to censor reports of what is going on internally.


Presenter: Mel Lintz

1 ------------------------------ 1

Everything You Need to Know About the Decentralized Internet

When HBO's Silicon Valley returns for another season next month, the socially inept Pied Piper team will have pivoted into an entirely new business plan: the creation of a decentralized network that will allow the internet to run off of everyone's smartphones rather than dedicated servers. And, like a lot of the show's plot points, it's an innovation that's rooted in reality.

The internet is not 100 percent legally and physically “centralized,” since no single corporation owns the entire internet. But relatively few large, physical servers (associated or operated by relatively few large corporations) are responsible for hosting essential elements of what we consider the internet. These web hosting and cloud computing servers are responsible for keeping our email, social media, and webpages available to all — and that means that the companies that own those servers have an outsized impact on how the internet runs.

Our centralized system leaves our internet — and by extension, our jobs and relationships — open to a few major vulnerabilities that will likely only get worse in the near future. After all, in 1995, less than one percent of the world’s population was online and today, the Pew Research Center has found, 73 percent of people are online daily. Here's what all those users of the centralized internet need to worry about.

Servers Can Go Down

Servers Can Be Hacked

Companies Monetize Your Data

Click here for... >> More


2 ------------------------------ 2

The Benefits of Decentralization


When technology is centralized, it typically means that it is controlled and run by a single company, government, or individual. Decentralized technology on the other hand, is run by a network of participants that no one actor can control or shut down. Here are some benefits of decentralization:

  1. Users don’t have to put trust in a central authority. We trust companies and governments with our information and money all the time, and it is completely ok to make these decisions on a case by case basis. But we see plenty of examples where this trust lets us down to varying degrees,

  2. There is less likely to be a single point of failure. We see single points of failure all the time in the form of outages of centralized web sites. Gmail goes down and productivity halts as you can’t get your email. ... Click here for >> More

3 ------------------------------ 3

Frequently Asked Questions about the Decentralized Web


Has all this talk about decentralization left you confused?  We've answered some basic questions to help you make sense of it all.

Q: Why create a Decentralized Web?

A: The way we code the Web shapes how we live our lives online.  Ideally, that code should protect user privacy, freedom of expression and universal access to all knowledge.  Instead, centralized points of control make it easier for governments that are so inclined to censor and do surveillance, and for private companies to collect, share and monetize more personal information than many users would like.

A goal in creating a Decentralized Web is to reduce or eliminate such centralized points of control. That way, too, if any player drops out, the system still works. Such a system could better help protect user privacy,... Click here for >> More

4 ------------------------------ 4

The Decentralized Internet Is Here, With Some Glitches


Privacy advocates and venture capitalists want to circumvent the tech giants with apps using encrypted data stored on networks of computers.

Proponents as varied as privacy activists and marquee venture capitalists talk about the decentralized internet as a kind of digital Garden of Eden that can restore the freedom and goodwill of the internet's early days. The argument goes that big tech companies have locked up our data and minds inside stockholder-serving platforms that crush competition and privacy. Ultra-private, socially conscious decentralized apps, sometimes dubbed DApps, will give us back control of our data and let startups slay giants once more. .... Click here for >> More

5 ------------------------------ 5

The pros and cons of a decentralized internet


Many are calling for a fully decentralized internet in the wake of security concerns


In January of 2017, Olaf Carlson-Wee of TechCrunch predicted that a fully decentralized internet was in the future. He wrote, “In a world with many blockchains and hundreds of tradeable tokens built on top of them, entire industries are automated through software, venture capital and stock markets are circumvented, entrepreneurship is streamlined, and networks gain sovereignty through their own digital currency. This is the next phase of the internet.” ... Click here for >>More

6 ------------------------------ 6

Decentralized computing

Decentralized computing is the allocation of resources, both hardware and software, to each individual workstation, or office location. In contrast, centralized computing exists when the majority of functions are carried out, or obtained from a remote centralized location. Decentralized computing is a trend in modern-day business environments. This is the opposite of centralized computing, which was prevalent during the early days of computers. A decentralized computer system has many benefits over a conventional centralized network ... Click here for >> More

7 ------------------------------ 7

Centralization vs. Decentralization


What is it? Why is it such a big deal? Will it really affect my everyday life?

These, and other questions may arise when learning about the new technology.

The Internet is a centralized mess, and decentralization may be the answer. Decentralization describes the design of a network that isn’t managed by a central party... Click here for >> More



Is the US Surrendering its Primacy in Scientific Research

January 07, 2020


Have we in fact relinquished our dominance by Surrendering our Primacy in Scientific Research to other countries?

The questions to you are!

How many countries are there at the present time which can surpass or even come close to our capabilities?

If there are, then which countries do you believe are capable to surpass or even are equivalent to the U.S?


Take a few minutes to think about it.....


Emerging science and technology developments can be applied in different ways across sectors and services. Many countries, including the US, Israel, Canada and the UK, (just to name a few) which regard advances in science and technology as a key factor for delivering benefits to society and the economy. However, there are many complex challenges, which include public concerns and perceptions about new scientific techniques or technology, as well as health, safety and environmental risks that may be associated with new developments.

Presenter: Mel Lintz


1 ------------ 1

China Just Overtook The US in Scientific Output For The First Time


A national report on the state of US science has concluded the United States is still the world leader in science and technology – except by one vital, historic measure.

For the first time, China has overtaken the US in terms of the volume of total scientific papers published – a telling statistic that underscores the rapid strides in scientific achievement China has made on the world stage in recent decades....>>> MORE


2------------ 2

Oversight of emerging science and technology: Learning from past and present efforts around the world

By conducting ten case studies that examined emerging science and technology oversight around the world, researchers articulated lessons for policymakers and other stakeholders interested in encouraging and enabling emerging science and technology.

The lessons include the need for the oversight process be balanced, diverse and contextual, anticipatory, adaptable, and collaborative. Oversight efforts should also take initiative, embrace communication, and engage with the public. >>> MORE


3------------ 3

How to Rethink U.S. Primacy in East Asia


Washington should seek deescalate the current trend in the regional competition with Beijing and instead pursue opportunities to engage Beijing toward establishing a long-term, stable balance of power in the region.


American policy in the Western Pacific has long been framed in terms of preventing the emergence of an exclusive, hostile hegemon that could threaten vital U.S. interests and deny American access there. The Trump administration’s National Security Strategy and National Defense Strategy respectively assert that “China seeks to displace the United States” in East Asia ...>>> MORE

4------------ 4

The China-U.S. Relationship in Science and Technology


“China’s Emerging Technological Trajectory in the 21st Century”


Cooperation on science and technology issues has been at the forefront of China - U. S. relations since diplomatic relations between the two countries were normalized in 1979. In fact, the Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology was one of the first between the two countries, signed during Deng Xiaoping’s historic visit to the United States in January 1979. Beginning with only a handful of protocols, the bilateral S & T relationship has blossomed over the last 30 years, expanding to include more than 30 protocols under this umbrella agreement covering everything from earthquake science to fisheries, agriculture, forestry, energy, nuclear safety, space technology, high energy physics, the ...>>> MORE

5 ------------ 5

US vs China - Tech War : The Battle for High Tech Supremacy


The real war between America and China is not the trade war or the military war , it is the tech war , the mother of all wars , and which will eventually determine the outcome of all other wars . The Huawei case clearly shows that global economic networks have entered the realm of geo-strategy. today not only China leads the US in AI and 5G, it also leads in quantum computing. America is losing its technological supremacy....>>> MORE


6 ------------ 6

U.S.-Israel Binational Foundations: United States-Israel Science and Technology Commission (USISTC)


The U.S.-Israel Science and Technology Commission (USISTC) supports the process of globalization by ensuring that physical borders and cultural disparity do not impose barriers on commercial collaboration between the US and Israel. To do this, USISTC supports programs that promote the advancement of science and technology for the benefit of both countries, reduce barriers to bilateral cooperaiton in high technology, foster growth of industry in both countries, and build infrastructure for long-term strategic collaboration. ...>>> MORE


7 ------------ 7

Partners in Science: The EU at AAAS

Europe and the United States are two major powerhouses when it comes to research and innovation.


The AAAS annual meeting is among the world's largest and most prestigious general scientific events, gathering thousands of international scientists, policy makers and science journalists. The program typically includes keynote speeches, scientific symposium, an exhibition, and press briefings on recent scientific discoveries.

This year's event focused on "Science without boundaries", and the European Commission was organizing a number of scientific symposium and a career development workshop. ...>>> MORE


8------------ 8

How much research funding does the UK get from the EU and how does this compare with other countries?

The UK is one of the largest recipients of research funding in the EU. Over the period 2007 – 2013 the UK received €8.8 billion out of a total of €107 billion expenditure on research, development and innovation in EU Member States, associated and third countries. This represents the fourth largest share in the EU.

In terms of funding awarded on a competitive basis in the period 2007 – 2013 (Framework Programme 7), the UK was the second largest recipient after Germany, securing €6.9 billion out of a total of €55.4 billion. ...>>> MORE

9 ------------ 9

The crisis in Japan's scientific research output


Recent data on the production of scientific papers by country point to an overall decline in Japan’s capabilities to pursue scientific research. The data reflect a long-term worsening of the environment surrounding the nation’s researchers. Japan now faces a critical situation in terms of its power to produce significant scientific findings. To overcome this crisis, the government needs to review and change the basic direction of its science policy so that the environment in which Japanese researchers work can be markedly improved. ...>>> MORE

10 ------------ 10

China’s Long March to Technological Supremacy


Until recently, American perceptions of Chinese technology tended to be either hopeful or dismissive. On the hopeful side, the information revolution was taken as a sure drive of greater freedom. “Imagine if the Internet took hold in China,” George W. Bush said in a presidential debate in 1999. “Imagine how freedom would spread.” Some observers noted considerable theft and imitation of U.S. technology firms, but Chinese technology was generally thought to represent little or no competitive threat, with analysts explaining—as a 2014 Harvard Business Review headline put it—“why China can’t innovate.”

But China has quickly moved up the value chain, creating world-class industries in everything from 5G and artificial intelligence to biotechnology and quantum computing. Some experts now believe that China could unseat the United States as the world’s leading technological force. And many U.S. policymakers view that prospect as an existential threat to U.S. economic and military power. ...>>> MORE



Date Dec. 17 2019

Majority of Cyberattacks against the US


What if a foreign nation cyber attacked and took over a government’s IT network, bringing an entire nation to its feet? Does this seem like a far-flung scenario? It isn’t. In April 2018, the small independent Caribbean nation of Saint Maarten faced a total public shutdown for an entire day. The previous month, the city of Atlanta was crippled by a ransomware attack that lasted two weeks and cost nearly $3 million.

In the US alone, Baltimore, Charlotte, Dallas and San Francisco have been victims of cyber attacks during the past year, following (ironically) a transition to smart city technology.


Presenter: Herb Goldstein



Cyberwarfare in the United States


As a major developed economy, the United States is highly dependent on the Internet and therefore greatly exposed to cyber attacks. At the same time, the United States has substantial capabilities in both defense and power projection thanks to comparatively advanced technology and a large military budget. Cyber warfare presents a growing threat … >>MORE



How the Chinese cyberthreat has evolved


With more than half of its 1.4 billion people online, the world’s most populous country is home to a slew of cyberspies and hackers. Indeed, China has likely stolen more secrets from businesses and governments than any other country.

Covert espionage is the main Chinese cyberthreat to the U.S. While disruptive cyberattacks occasionally come from China, those that cause overt damage, like destroying data or causing power outages, are more common from the other top state threats, namely Russia, Iran and North Korea.

But Chinese cyberaggression toward the U.S. has been evolving. Before their espionage became a serious threat, Chinese hackers were conducting disruptive cyberattacks against the U.S. and other countries.… >>MORE


List of cyberattacks

1 Indiscriminate attacks

2 Destructive attacks

3 Cyberwarfare

4 Government espionage

5 Corporate espionage

6 Stolen e-mail addresses and login credentials

7 Stolen credit card and financial data

8 Stolen medical-related data

9 Hacktivism

… >>MORE


Inside the Cyberattack That Shocked the US Government


The routine nature of OPM’s business made the revelations of April 15, 2015, as perplexing as they were disturbing. On that morning, a security engineer named Brendan Saulsbury set out to decrypt a portion..... Soon after his shift started, Saulsbury noticed that his decryption efforts had exposed an odd bit of outbound traffic: a beacon-like signal pinging to a site called ­opm­ But the agency owned no such domain. The OPM-related name suggested it had been created to deceive. … >>MORE



October 2019 Cyber Attacks Statistics

The Daily Trend of Events chart shows three peaks at the beginning and end of the month, and during the second week. As usual, in most cases the activities show a break during the weekend, but this is probably a consequence of the fact that news of the attacks (when they are not directly “advertised” by the authors) are not published during the weekend.… >>MORE



Cyberattacks Against the US Government Up 1,300% Since 2006


Just last year, Russian hackers attacked the State Department email system in what was called the “worst ever” cyberattack against a federal agency, and the Office of Personnel Management reported that 5.6 million Americans’ fingerprints were stolen as part of another malicious attack. The Department of Veterans affairs thwarted 1 billion cyber threats. And last week, hackers invited by the government found 138 security flaws on five Pentagon websites.… >>MORE



Climate Change Still Seen as the Top Global Threat, but Cyberattacks a Rising Concern


Global warming is just one of many concerns. Terrorism, specifically from the Islamic extremist group known as ISIS, and cyberattacks are also seen by many as major security threats. In eight of the countries surveyed, including Russia, France, Indonesia and Nigeria, ISIS is seen as the top threat. In four nations, including Japan and the United States, people see cyberattacks from other countries as their top international concern. One country, Poland, names Russia’s power and influence as its top threat, but few elsewhere say Russia is a major concern. >>MORE


Cyber Threats from the U.S. and Russia Are Now Focusing on Civilian Infrastructure

​Cyber confrontation between the United States and Russia is increasingly turning to critical civilian infrastructure, particularly power grids, judging from recent press reports. The typically furtive conflict went public last month, when the New York Times reported U.S. Cyber Command's shift to a more offensive and aggressive approach in targeting Russia's electric power grid. … >>MORE


Half of all countries aware but lacking national plan on cybersecurity, UN agency reports

​Releasing its second Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) said about 38 per cent of countries have a published cybersecurity strategy and an additional 12 per cent of governments are in the process of developing one.

The agency said more effort is needed in this critical area, particularly since it conveys that governments consider digital risks high priority.

“Cybersecurity is an ecosystem where laws, organizations, skills, cooperation and technical implementation need to be in harmony to be most effective,”… >>MORE


Kennan Cable No. 41: A Cyber Treaty With Russia

Prospects for meaningful cyber negotiations with the Russian Federation, let alone a bilateral agreement or cyber treaty, seem almost impossible to imagine today. Our anguish over Russia’s meddling in American elections, preoccupation with alleged ties between the Trump administration and the Russian government during the recently concluded Mueller investigation, and major disagreements on geopolitical issues including Ukraine, Syria, and Venezuela, have left us at an impasse. Instead of genuine dialogue between the United States and Russia, we see the two nations talking past each other and posturing to both domestic and international audiences.

More alarmingly, … >>MORE



China Moscow Axis


December 10, 2019



The Beijing / Moscow Axis. Much debated. Is there really one? Is China the new leader of Asia Pacific with Russia the junior partner? For now, it appears that this alliance is a mere marriage of convenience; at best an uneasy tactical relationship. The glue most certainly is their mutual hatred of The Western world led, of course, by the United States. Should our foreign policy be on a country by country basis or should we consider the strength of this alliance as a threat to the United States. The Presenter will examine these issues and leave it to our participants to assess how this supposed alliance might shape US foreign policy.



Presenter: Karen Berson


1 <> <> <> <> <> <> 1

The New Beijing – Moscow Axis

A shared rivalry with the U.S. has reunited the two powers, as in the early days of the Cold War. But this time, China is the senior partner.

When President Sukarno of Indonesia inquired about China’s economy in 1956, Mao Zedong replied candidly that the country remained poor and agrarian and didn’t have much to export “apart from some apples, peanuts, pig bristles and soybeans.”

What Mao’s modesty concealed was his desperation to industrialize, especially for military purposes, and his hope that the Soviet Union would help him to achieve that goal. Beijing frequently acknowledged Moscow as a mighty “Big Brother,” and the pecking order between the two countries was clear. Just months after ascending to power in 1949, Mao had spent several humiliating ….. MORE >>


2 <> <> <> <> <> <> 2

‘Serious’ rivalry still drives China-Russia relations despite improving ties


Tensions remain between China and Russia despite recent signs of cooperation, according to experts.


The strategic partnership between China and Russia, long marred by mutual suspicion, has risen to new heights with recent news of joint projects of more than $100 billion and large-scale army drills.


“The Chinese-Russian military alliance is only what you see above the surface,” Robert Kaplan, senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, a think tank focused on U.S. national security issues, told CNBC on the sidelines of the Singapore Summit on Friday.

“What’s below the surface is serious geopolitical competition between China and Russia,” he said.

Beijing’s economic and commercial activities in Moscow’s backyard — Central Asia, the Russian Far East and the Arctic — have long been a threat to Putin. But his government has been unable to compete due to its own economic problems at home and in 2014, Moscow accelerated its pivot towards Beijing after coming under western sanctions over its annexation of Crimea.….. MORE >>


3 <> <> <> <> <> <> 3

US Obsession With Containment Driving China And Russia Closer


The China-Russian military cooperation with its underlying strategic calculus is clearly aimed at countering US moves and capabilities in the region.


July 2019 marks an important milestone in the Russia-China strategic relationship. For the first time, Russian and Chinese bombers have carried out joint air patrols over the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan. The Diplomat quoted a Russian government decree as saying that "the two countries are currently negotiating a new military cooperation agreement." The news stories have resulted in speculation that in the emerging new global bipolar order between the US and China, Moscow was casting its lot with Beijing. The reality is much more nuanced, but it is clear that the China-Russian entente has now reached the quality of strategic cooperation partnership in the Western Pacific aimed at countering and deterring the US..... MORE >>



4 <> <> <> <> <> <> 4

China's unexpected move during huge war games with Russia shows their relationship is still uneasy


Moscow and Beijing heralded the recent Vostok 2018 war games in eastern Russia as a tremendous success, celebrating closer military-to-military relations between China and Russia.


But the deployment of a Chinese spy ship to shadow Russian ships suggests that the bilateral relationship between China and Russia continues to be plagued by distrust.


China reportedly sent an uninvited surveillance ship to spy on the recent joint military exercises with Russia, a move highlighting how lingering distrust and competitiveness weaken the so-called "strategic partnership" emerging between Moscow and Beijing. ... MORE >>


5 <> <> <> <> <> <> 5

Moscow, Beijing and Washington: A Complicated Triangle


The historical importance of relations between the United States, China and Russia has long been analyzed from the beginning of the Cold War. Often the tone of interactions has determined the global situation. Important information can undoubtedly be gleaned concerning current and future strategies by observing the direction in which the dynamic relations between Moscow, Beijing and Washington are headed.


For a good part of the Cold War the United States enjoyed a privileged situation that relied on a tempestuous relationship between Moscow and Beijing, especially from the end of the 1960’s until the collapse of the Soviet Union. …. MORE >>


6 <> <> <> <> <> <> 6

The Geopolitics of the Beijing-Moscow Consensus


The integration of China’s Belt and Road and Russia’s Eurasian Economic Union will have major implications.


In the late 1950s the deterioration of Sino-Russian relations paved the way for the historic meeting between U.S. President Richard Nixon and Mao Zedong in 1972. The offspring of that meeting was the Shanghai Communiqué, and the onset of the Sino-American détente on one side and that Soviet containment in the Asia-Pacific on the other, a divide that would define the relations between the two communist countries for decades to come.

It was only at the end of the Cold War that.... MORE >>


7 <> <> <> <> <> <> 7

Chinese Immigration to Siberia: A Source of Tensions between Moscow and Beijing?


The growing ties between the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation are an important topic in the current diplomatic world. These two economic giants have mutual interests in two distinct fields. First, both countries are economically incredibly complimentary, one being the largest country on Earth, rich in natural resources and lacking in labour, while the other is the most populated one, hungry for natural resources and full of labour. Second, China and Russia share similar views regarding foreign relations: they are both fierce defendants of the principle of non-intervention in other countries’ domestic affairs, oppose the USA’s world hegemony and aim for a multipolar world. Nevertheless, there are certain sources of tension between the two countries, such as the competition for the Central Asian countries, weapons and technology trade, and Chinese immigration to Siberia.….. MORE

8 <> <> <> <> <> <> 8

A Nixon Strategy to Break the Russia-China Axis


In 2017, Beijing and Moscow are aligned against the threat from Washington. It doesn’t have to be that way.


Perhaps the greatest evidence of the hubris surrounding uber-hawks, both neoconservatives and liberal interventionists, is their willingness—even determination—to make multiple enemies simultaneously around the globe. Hence their constant refrain that the world is dangerous and military spending must go up, ever up.


The United States, apparently alone, since it cannot rely upon allies which are constantly whining for reassurance, must confront China, North Korea, Russia, Iran, Cuba, Venezuela, the Islamic State, assorted terrorist movements and any anyone else who resists U.S. “leadership.” Neutral observers might find this disparate collection, several of whose members are at odds, somewhat less than a formidable threat compared to the United States, virtually every European nation, the majority of Asian industrial states, the most important and wealthiest powers in the Middle East, and the majority of the rest of the countries that are friendly to the West. Nevertheless, Americans are constantly told MORE >>



The Worldwide Opioid Crisis

In order to cope with the opioid crises we have to understand it's history.

How did it start?

The history of opium in China began with the use of opium for medicinal purposes during the 7th century. In the 17th century the practice of mixing opium with tobacco for smoking spread from Southeast Asia, creating a far greater demand.

Heroin, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy. Cultivation of the plant dates back to the earliest years of human civilization, and opium use was well known in ancient Mesopotamia.

The narcotic drug has been used both recreationally and as a medicine for centuries. Opium derivatives, including morphine, became widely used pain relievers, particularly in the 1800s. Heroin, too, was first synthesized for medical use before physicians realized its potent addictive properties.

We will explore the many issues described by following the listed links below,

12/03/2019 Presenter: Mel Lintz

1 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 1

UN Report Finds Opioids Are Responsible for Nearly 400,000 Deaths Worldwide


The global opioid crisis is worse than we thought.


Thanks to new and more precise data from India and Nigeria – two countries that are among the 10 most populous in the world – the World Drug Report 2019, published last week by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), now estimates there are 53 million opioid users globally, up 56 percent from earlier estimates. Additionally, opioids – including oxycodone, fentanyl, tramadol, heroin, morphine and related drugs – are to blame for two-thirds for the 585,000 people who died in 2017 from drug use around the world.


However, the report notes that gaps in prevention and MORE>>


2 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 2


Overdosing on Regulation: How Government Caused the Opioid Epidemic


Opioid overdose deaths have risen dramatically in the United States over the past two decades (Figure 1). The standard explanation blames expanded prescribing and advertising of opioids beginning in the 1990s.


We find little support for this view. We instead suggest that the opioid epidemic has resulted from too many restrictions on prescribing, not too few. Rather than decreasing opioid overdose deaths, restrictions push users from prescription opioids toward diverted or illicit opioids, which increases the risk of overdose because consumers cannot easily assess drug potency or quality in underground markets. The implication of this “more restrictions, more deaths” explanation is that the United States should scale back restrictions on opioid prescribing, perhaps to the point of legalization. MORE>>

3 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 3

Opioids of the Masses

Stopping an American Epidemic From Going Global

In 2016, nearly 50,000 people died of opioid overdoses in the United States, and, per capita, almost as many died in Canada. From 2000 to 2016, more Americans died of overdoses than died in World War I and World War II combined. Yet even these grim numbers understate the impact of opioid abuse, because for every person who dies, many more live with addiction. The White House Council of Economic Advisers has estimated that the epidemic cost the U.S. economy $504 billion in 2015, or 2.8 percent of GDP. MORE >>

4 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 4

Opioids responsible for most drug-related deaths in Europe, says UN Drugs Report

About 271 million people — 5.5% of the world's population aged 15–64 — used drugs in 2016, according to the latest UN Drugs


Opioids consumption in 2017 surged by 56%, accounting for two-thirds of deaths attributed to drug use disorders; Cocaine production reached an all-time high in 2017, while opium poppy cultivation declined slightly due to a drought in Afghanistan.  MORE>>


5 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 5


How Europe’s heroin capital solved its overdose crisis

What Canada can learn from Portugal about opioid addiction, rehab and recovery.


In a Lisbon gymnasium, people whose bodies have been ravaged by drugs are trying to put their lives back together.


They've formed two lines and laugh as they take turns throwing a ball to their partners.

Drug addicts who've forgotten how to have fun are being given a lesson in how to play again.

"They're surprised at the feeling of feeling good, at being capable of this," says physiotherapist Leonor Madereira, who supervises this work at the Taipas rehabilitation clinic.


Taipas is one of 40 such publicly funded facilities across Portugal treating more than 4,000 addicts free of charge. Elsewhere in the building, several patients taking an art therapy class are making ceramics, sculptures and paintings. The clinic's walls are lined with their creations. Some depict damaged, angry souls struggling to escape their bodies. MORE>>

6 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 6


Europe's silent opioid epidemic


As opiate addiction continues to grip the United States – killing more than 100 people per day in 2016 – researchers are trying to get a handle on the scale of the problem in Europe. The US is grappling with a major crisis driven by dependency on opioid painkillers such as fentanyl. These highly addictive

prescription drugs are chemical cousins of heroin, morphine and methadone.

Strong opiates are tightly controlled in Europe but several EU countries allow over-the-counter sales of a milder pain medication: codeine. While less dangerous than heroin or fentanyl, codeine is turned into morphine in the liver and can still be toxic in high doses.

‘It’s a hidden addiction,’ said Dr Michael Bergin of Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland. ‘Codeine abuse affects people with diverse profiles, from children to older people across all social classes. MORE >>


7 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 7


Russia’s Addiction Problem


Suppressing the opioid crisis and poor treatment regimes combine for a failed strategy.


About 2.3% of the 15-64 year-old population used opioids as of 2010, based on the last estimates the government provided to the UN.


The real figure of Russian opioid users may be higher. Russia’s government is not very transparent about addiction in the country.


Russia’s drug problem has been compounded by the implosion of its public health system after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.


In addition, the treatment of drug users in sub-standard facilities has contributed to a serious outbreak of drug-resistant tuberculosis that threatens Russia’s overall population.


While neighboring countries such as Ukraine use the peer-reviewed pharmacological substitution treatments favored by the global public health community, Russia bans such treatments and methadone clinics. MORE >>MORE >>


8 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 8


Iran's drug problem: Addicts 'more than double' in six years


The number of people suffering from drug addiction in Iran has more than doubled in the last six years, local media report.

A survey carried out by a drug control group has found that about 2.8 million people are regularly consuming drugs in the country.


Opium, the main ingredient in heroin, is the country's most popular narcotic, making up 67% of consumption. Production of the drug in neighbouring Afghanistan has risen in recent years.  MORE >>


9 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 9


Opioid use booming as tramadol crisis emerges in Africa - U.N. drug report


VIENNA (Reuters) - Synthetic opioid use is booming, the United Nations said on Wednesday in a worldwide drug report that

showed deaths in the United States from overdoses still rising and a “crisis” of tramadol use emerging in parts of Africa.

The estimated number of people using opioids - an umbrella term for drugs ranging from opium and derivatives such as heroin to

synthetics like fentanyl and tramadol - in 2017 was 56% higher than in 2016, the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime said. MORE>>

10 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 10


Europe's silent opioid epidemic


As opiate addiction continues to grip the United States – killing more than 100 people per day in 2016 – researchers are trying to get a handle on the scale of the problem in Europe. The US is grappling with a major crisis driven by dependency on opioid painkillers such as fentanyl. These highly addictive

prescription drugs are chemical cousins of heroin, morphine and methadone.

Strong opiates are tightly controlled in Europe but several EU countries allow over-the-counter sales of a milder pain medication: codeine. While less dangerous than heroin or fentanyl, codeine is turned into morphine in the liver and can still be toxic in high doses.

‘It’s a hidden addiction,’ said Dr Michael Bergin of Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland. ‘Codeine abuse affects people with diverse profiles, from children to older people across all social classes.’ MORE >>


11 <> <> <> <> <> <> <> 11


Russia may hold the key to solving America’s opioid crisis


Research is being conducted in Volgograd on a powerful pain-killer that does not cause addiction

A new medical breakthrough in southern Russia could hold the key in solving America’s opioid epidemic.


Scientists at Volgograd Sate Medical University are launching clinical trials into a pain-killing drug which outperforms morphine, and does not cause addiction. This would be a big step in the right direction, as the crisis in the United States spirals out-of-control.


In late October, President Trump addressed the nation outlining that the opioid crisis is now a ‘public health emergency’. Here are some mind-numbing facts indicating America has a major problem and if not fixed soon, it could produce major strains on the economy and healthcare system.

A drug which still has no specific name but is only referred to as RU-1205. Based on its effect, it outperforms such well-known painkillers as morphine and promedol and does not cause addictive side effects. MORE >>>





bottom of page